As the world of cannabis continues to explode, a myriad of subjects gets improperly described. Among those is the hemp vs marijuana context.
So, how do these two terms relate to cannabis?
Cannabis is a genus
Cannabis is the typical genus of the Cannabaceae family. It has three distinct species:
We are going to focus on the first species – Cannabis sativa.
We have two distinct strains of Cannabis sativa plants. That is marijuana and hemp. Let’s now see what’s sets them apart?
Hemp vs Marijuana – phytocannabinoids
Phytocannabinoids are the chemical compounds of cannabis strains. The most rampant is Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD).
THC is the most prevalent phytocannabinoid in marijuana, while CBD is the most rampant in hemp.
Hemp plants give up to 0.3% THC and skyrocketed amounts of CBD.
On the contrary, marijuana gives high amounts of THC (up to 30%) and trace amounts of CBD.
Hemp vs Marijuana – psychoactive effects
Probably you have ever heard about the term high. It typically refers to the altering of one’s mental consciousness.
THC is the phytocannabinoid that makes marijuana consumers gets the user high. Conversely, the minute amounts of THC in hemp can’t give the user any psychoactive feelings.
Hemp vs marijuana – physical appearance
It is relatively easy to distinguish hemp from marijuana from their heights, leaf appearance, and buds.
For instance, hemp plants are tall, have slender leaves and loose buds.
Marijuana plants, on the other hand, get recognized by their short and bushy heights, broad leaves, and tight buds.
Hemp vs Marijuana – cultivation
Hemp vs marijuana requires distinct cultivation settings. For example, most hemp farmers prefer going the outdoor way.
However, indoor-planted hemp strains can do well. It’s applicable to plant them close to each other (between 4 and 5 inches), an exact opposite of the marijuana strains.
Marijuana plants require space in between (preferably 6-8 ft. apart).