Marijuana is a drug that comes from different types of plants. Another name for this drug is Cannabis, owing to the plant it comes from: the cannabis plant. Depending on which cannabis plant the drug comes from, its characteristics vary. Marijuana has a strong effect on your mental and physical state when taken. Hence, you must understand the drug and its origin before its use in medical or recreational purposes.


Types of Marijuana


Marijuana comes from three types of cannabis plants, which are:


  1. Cannabis Sativa
  2. Cannabis Indica
  3. Cannabis Ruderalis


The source of marijuana used to be the Sativa plant. Experimentation with the Sativa plant resulted in the Indica and Ruderalis plants. As such, you can think of the Sativa plant as the essence of marijuana. These plants come in different shapes and colors. The origin of these plants determines their characteristics and their field of use.


As you know, the usage of marijuana has consequences on the human body. Its prime use is in the medical field and, in countries that legalize marijuana, as a recreational drug. People use it all over the world for various reasons, with each plant varying in its effect.


Cannabis plants have their properties that you need to know before the use of the drug. There is no telling where you might come across the substance.


1. Cannabis Sativa


The Sativa plant or strain has long and delicate leaves that cultivate marijuana. The plant grows from soft seeds and requires a lot of care in its cultivation. Sativa needs a near 12 hours of light every day for healthy growth. Naturally, the plant comes out best from areas that get a lot of sunlight year-round. India and Thailand in Asia, some African countries, and a few South American nations breed strong Sativa.


Sativa has a rather energizing effect in any of its forms. Hence, there are medicine and different foods that contain the Sativa. The drug is a cure for mental disorders that relate to depression. Owing to such effects on the mind, people smoke marijuana derived from Sativa for recreation.


2. Cannabis Indica


The Indica plant grows in the shape of a bush, with round and thicker leaves in comparison to Sativa. The most common form of the Indica strain is Kush, which grows in the Indian subcontinent.


In small doses, Indica has an application in medicine. But, by far,  its prime use is a recreational drug. It has a potent mental effect on its users. The aftereffects of the drug are relaxing, which is why it has a high amount of use among insomniacs.


3. Cannabis Ruderalis


The Cannabis Ruderalis is a relatively small plant with very thick leaves. The plant grows in places with rough climate conditions, such as the Northern areas of the world. 


Ruderalis has little use in its form. Instead, it is mixed with Sativa or Indica to form a hybrid drug. The hybrid is then used mainly for flowering, as a medicine against depression, or as a recreational drug.




Marijuana has the highest consumption in North America and Jamaica. But marijuana is not limited to only these regions. You can find a use for the substance wherever you may be.

Alli Isles
Author: Alli Isles

From a young age, I was always curious about the world around me. I loved exploring nature and learning about different plants and their medicinal properties. Little did I know that this curiosity would lead me down a path of becoming an expert in cannabis research and writing. Growing up in a small town, I was always fascinated by the stories my grandfather would tell me about his experiences with cannabis. He would talk about how it helped him manage his chronic pain and how it brought him a sense of peace and relaxation. These stories stayed with me and sparked my interest in the plant. After completing my undergraduate degree in biology, I decided to pursue a master's degree in cannabis research. During my studies, I discovered that cannabis had been used for thousands of years for medicinal purposes, but had been demonized in the 20th century due to political and social factors. I am grateful for the curiosity and passion that led me to become an expert in cannabis research and writing. I hope that my work has helped to change the negative perception of cannabis and has brought awareness to its potential benefits for all.